Part of the Roman town (Gothic quarter) near the Cathedral and the Palau de la Generalitat, this is the former Jewish neighbourhood of the city. This community contributed to the cultural diversity of Barcelona for many centuries. Here are found vestiges from throughout the history of the city, from the the fall of the Romans to the horrors of the Inquisition in the 15th century, the damage caused by the bombardments of the fascist army during the Spanish Civil War and the urban restructuring in the 1950s and 1960s in anticipation of mass tourism.
SANT PERE/LA RIBERA/SANTA CATARINA
A neighborhood of the working classes and craftspeople during the Middle Ages, in the 18th century it became an industrial and military zone facing the Ciutadella ("citadel"). The Convent of Sant Agustí is one of the testimonies of these transformations. Built initially as a convent and later refurbished as a military barracks, today it is a centre of culture in the neighbourhood. Composed of a very diverse population, which has struggled to keep its neighbourhood as a place to live, there are still developers who would like to create (another) centre of interest devoted to mass tourism. Bearing witness to this is the Forat de la Vergonya ("Pit of Shame"), a self-sustaining square in tribute to the popular struggle against speculation.